Boxing and its increasing trend in Pakistan
In sweet science, boxing refers to fighting for “prize”. A boxing match typically consists of a determined number of three-minute rounds, a total of up to 12 rounds. A minute is typically spent between each round with the fighters in their assigned corners receiving advice and attention from their coach and staff. The fight is controlled by a referee who works within the ring to judge and control the conduct of the fighters, rule on their ability to fight safely, count knocked-down fighters, and rule on fouls. Up to three judges are typically present at ringside to score the bout and assign points to the boxers, based on punches that connect, defence, knockdowns, and other, more subjective, measures. Because of the open-ended style of boxing judging, many fights have controversial results, in which one or both fighters believe they have been “robbed” or unfairly denied a victory. Each fighter has an assigned corner of the ring, where his or her coach, as well as one or more “seconds” may administer to the fighter at the beginning of the fight and between rounds. Each boxer enters into the ring from their assigned corners at the beginning of each round and must cease fighting and return to their corner at the signalled end of each round.
It is a martial art and combat sport in which two people engage in a contest of strength, reflexes and endurance by throwing punches with gloved hands. Records of the classical boxing have disappeared after the fall of Western Roman Empire when the wearing of weapons became common.
In contrast to modern boxing, early fighting had no rules. There were no weight division or round limits and no referee. Basically, very chaotic. Under these rules if a man went down and could not continue after a count of 30 seconds, the fight was over. Hitting a downed fighter and grasping below the waist was, however prohibited.
Facts state that the first newspaper on boxing was published in the early 1700’s by a wrestler named Thomas Parkyns who was a physics student of Sir Isaac Newton. It was a manual that entailed a system of head butting; punching eye gonging chokes and hand throws not common in modern boxing.
On the flip side of the coin “modern boxing stance differs from the above mentioned typical one. It has a more upright-vertical-armed guard as opposed to the more horizontal, knuckles-facing-forward guard adopted by the early 20th century hook users such as Jack Johnson.
Boxers practice their skills on two basic types of punching bags. A small, tear-drop-shaped “speed bag” is used to hone reflexes and repetitive punching skills, while a large cylindrical “heavy bag” filled with sand, a synthetic substitute, or water is used to practice power punching and body blows. In addition to these distinctive pieces of equipment, boxers also utilize sport-nonspecific training equipment to build strength, speed, agility, and stamina. Common training equipment includes free weights, rowing machines, jumping rope, and medicine balls.
This stance followed in all the countries including underdeveloped countries like Pakistan. In this stance the boxer stands with the legs, shoulder width apart and the rear foot a half step in front of the lead man. In this situation both the feet are parallel and the right heel is off the ground.
The leads fist is held vertically about six inches in front of the face at eye level. Modern Boxers often sometimes can be seen tapping their cheeks or foreheads with their fist to remind themselves to keep their hands up.
Pakistan owns a “Pakistan Boxing Federation” which has successfully managed to promote amateur wrestlers and boxers to take part in the amateur boxing championship 2011. It hopes to send these children/teenagers and to train them for the 2013 also.
PBF is the governing body of amateur boxing in Pakistan. It is an instrumental in Organising boxing matches in Pakistan.
Pakistan has seen success at amateur level boxing despite the lack of necessary equipment and facilities, by winning medals at Olympics and common wealth games, for example Muhammad Ali who won Gold medal at the 2002 commonwealth games. Ali has, however, transcended the sporting world and has become an international presence, more recognizable than most presidents and historical figures.
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